Shanxi Province Overview: Not to be confused with the neighboring province of Shanxi. Shanxi is a province in the northern part of the People's Republic of China. Its one-character abbreviation is Jin
ShanxiTravel Guide - Brief Information on Shanxi
Source: 2011-07-29 11:57:34

ShanxiTravel Guide - Brief Information on Shanxi
Shanxi Province Overview:  Not to be confused with the neighboring province of Shanxi. Shanxi is a province in the northern part of the People's Republic of China. Its one-character abbreviation is Jin, after the state of Jin that existed here during the Spring and Autumn Period.

Shanxi's name literally means "the west of the mountain ", which refers to the province's location west of the Taihang Mountains.[1] Shanxi borders Hebei to the east, Henan to the south, Shanxi to the west, and Inner Mongolia to the north. The capital of the province is Taiyuan.
Map of Shanxi Province:  Here is a map showing the location of Shanxi province on China map.
Shanxi Province Climate & Weather:  Shanxi has a continental monsoon climate, and is rather arid. Average January temperatures are below 0 °C, while average July temperatures are around 21 - 26 °C. Winters are long, dry, sunny and cold, while summer is warm and humid. Spring is bone dry and prone to dust storms. Shanxi is one of the sunniest parts of China; early summer heat waves are common. Annual precipitation averages around 350-700 mm, with 60% of it concentrated between June and August.
Language in Shanxi ProvincePeople in most regions of Shanxi speak dialects of Jin, a subdivision of spoken Chinese. However, dialects in the southwest, near the border with Henan and Shaanxi, are classified as part of the Zhongyuan Mandarin subdivision of the Mandarin group rather than Jin. In terms of characteristics, Jin dialects are generally distinguished by their retention of the entering tone from Middle Chinese. In this respect they are unique in all of northern China, as most of the surrounding Mandarin dialects (spoken over the remainder of northern China) have lost it. (In central and southern China, it is much more common for the entering tone to be kept.) Jin is also noted for extremely complex tone sandhi systems.
Shanxi Province Transportation: The transport infrastructure in Shaanxi is very developed. There are many important national highways and railways that connect the province with neighboring provinces.

By Air:  Shanxi's main aviation transport is Taiyuan Airport. The airport has routes connecting Shanxi to 28 domestic cities including Beijing, Xian, Chengdu and Chongqing. There are international routes from Hong Kong, Singapore, Japan and Russia. There is also another airport at Datong City which has domestic routes to other mainland cities
By Train:  Shanxi has extensive rail infrastructure to neighboring provinces. The rail network connects to major cities Taiyuan, Shijiazhuang, Beijing , Yuanping, Baotou, Datong, Menyuan and Jiaozuo. The province also have extensive rail network to coastal cities such as Qinghuandao, Qingdao, Yantai and Lianyungang.
The province has a rail network called the Shuozhou-Huanghua Railway. It will service Shenchi county in Shanxi with Huanghua port in Hebei. It will become the second largest railway for coal transport from west to east in China.

By Bus:  Shaanxi's road hub is in the capital, Taiyuan. The major highways in province form a road network connecting all the counties. Examples of major highways are:
• Dayun Highway
• Datong-Yuncheng Highway
• Taiyuan-Jiuguan Expressway
• Beijing-Shijiazhuang expressway
• Beijing-Tianjin-Tanggu expressway
• Beijing-Shenzhen expressway
Shanxi Province Food: Shanxi cuisine is most well known for its extensive use of vinegar as a condiment and for its noodles. A dish originating from Taiyuan, the provincial capital, is the Taiyuan Tounao. It is a soup brewed using mutton, shanyao (Chinese wild yam), lotus roots, astragalus membranaceus (membranous milk vetch), tuber onions, as well as cooking liquor for additional aroma. It can be enjoyed by dipping pieces of unleavened cake into the soup, and is reputed to have medicinal properties.
Major Shanxi Province Tourism Resources:  There are abundant historic reserves in Shanxi, including Wutai Mountain, Hengshan Mountain, the Jin Ancestral Hall in Taiyuan, the Yungan Grottos in Datong, the Shuanglin Temple in Pingyao, the Hanging Temple in Hunyuan, and the Hukou Waterfall of the Yellow River.
• Jinci in Taiyuan, famous for its temples and Song Dynasty paitings and architectures.

• Zuoquan County, famous for its China Communist Party battlefield sites.

• The Ancient City of Pingyao is a World Heritage Site near Taiyuan. Once a great financial center of China, it is noted for its preservation of many features of northern Han Chinese culture, architecture, and way of life during the Ming and Qing Dynasties.

• The Yungang Grottoes, a World Heritage Site in Datong, consist of 252 caves noted for their collection of 5th and 6th century Buddhist grotto sculptures and reliefs.

• Mount Wutai (Wutai Shan) is the highest point in the province. It is known as the residence of the bodhisattva Manjusri, and as a result is also a major Buddhist pilgrimage destination, with many temples and natural sights. Points of interest include Tang Dynasty (618–907) era timber halls located at Nanchan Temple and Foguang Temple, as well as a giant white stupa at Tayuan Temple built during the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644).

• Mount Hengshan (Heng Shan), in Hunyuan County, is one of the "Five Great Peaks" of China, and is also a major Taoist site. Not far from Heng Shan, the Hanging Temple is located on the side of a cliff and has survived for 1400 years despite earthquakes in the area.

• Pagoda of Fugong Temple, in Ying County, is a pagoda built in 1056 during the Liao Dynasty. It is octagonal with nine levels (five are visible from outside), and at 67 m (220 ft) in height, it is currently the tallest wooden pagoda in the world. It is also the oldest fully-wooden pagoda in China, although many no-longer-existing wooden pagodas have preceded it, and many existing stone and brick pagodas predate it by centuries.

• Hukou Waterfall is located in the Yellow River on the Shanxi-Shaanxi border. At 50 meters high it is the second highest waterfall in China.

• Dazhai is a village in Xiyang County. Situated in hilly, difficult terrain, it was a holy site during the Cultural Revolution, when it was set out to the entire nation as exemplary of the hardiness of the proletariat, especially peasants.

• The Cloud Ridge Caves are shallow caves near Datong. There are over 50,000 carved images and statues of Buddhas and Boddhisatvas within these grottoes, ranging from 4 centimeters to 7 meters tall.
Tourist Attractions: Wutai Mountain, Hengshan Mountain, the Jin Ancestral Hall in Taiyuan, the Yungan Grottos in Datong, the Shuanglin Temple in Pingyao, the Hanging Temple in Hunyuan, and the Hukou Waterfall of the Yellow River.

Editor:Li lin
    • Characteristics of the activity:Shehuo as a traditional performance art existent widely among the folks of the Central Jin has become a folk entertainment activity full of good wishes such as happy events, luck and blessing.
    • Noodle is a leader in Shanxi eating culture. The long history of Shanxi noodle culture has more than 200 years. It is common for housewives in Shanxi to cook more than ten kinds of noodle.
    • Characteristics of the activity:The ancient temple fair in the Jin Ancestral Temple has also become a day of worshipping the god. Location of the activity:Trade companies in all the counties in the suburbs of Taiyuan City
    • Characteristics of the activity:During the festival, large-scale Buddhist rituals, folk culture and arts activities and the mule & horse livestock trade fair are held.
    • Characteristics of the activity:When worshipping the kitchen god, the god should first be set up and then sumptuous food and wine are offered as a sacrifice. Cooking vessels, chopping blocks, bamboo containers are also set.
Your Plan
Day 01 Our guide will wait for you outside the baggage claim area at Taiyuan Airport ahead of your arrival. Then a comfortable private car will take you to Pingyao. On the way, you will visit the Qiao's Compound
Day 1: Beijing to Datong - Overnight Train Greet meeting at your hotel at night, and transfer to the Beijing Railway Station, take the overnight train K608 (23:36 - 06:21) or 2603 (23:47-07:01) from Beijing to Datong.
Also known as Yongzuo Temple, Twin Pagoda Temple, situated at the foot of a hill of southeastern Taiyuan, was built by an eminent monk called Fudeng by the order of the emperor in 1608 viz. the 36th year under Emperor Wanli’s reign.
Standing 65.86 meters high, the Wooden Pagoda is not only the tallest but also the oldest wooden pagoda in China today. Compared with the renowned Leaning Tower of Pisa in Italy, the Wooden Pagoda in Yingxian County
Shanxi People's Government Foreign Affairs Office (2006) All rights reserved
Address:No.388 Taiyuan Street Yingze | Post Code:030001 | TEL:86-351-4040426 transfer 3009 |  Email: